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Gastroenterology. 2000 Dec;119(6):1569-79.

Peripheral corticotropin-releasing factor and stress-stimulated colonic motor activity involve type 1 receptor in rats.

Author information

1
CURE: Digestive Diseases Research Center, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA. ytache@ucla.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) exerts its action through CRF receptors 1 and 2 (CRF-R1 and CRF-R2). CRF has preferential affinity for CRF-R1, whereas urocortin displays high affinity for both. We investigated changes in colonic motor function after intraperitoneal (IP) injection of CRF-related peptides.

METHODS:

Colonic motility was recorded in vivo in conscious rats equipped with electrodes chronically implanted in the cecum and proximal colon or in vitro in distal colon; fecal output was monitored in naive rats.

RESULTS:

Rat CRF, rat urocortin, and amphibian sauvagine (10 microg/kg, IP) induced a new pattern of cecocolonic myoelectric activity characterized by clustered spike bursts of long duration; the percentage of occurrence was highest after CRF. The rank order of potency to increase fecal pellet output after IP peptide injection (0.3-10 microg/kg, IP) was CRF > urocortin = sauvagine. The CRF-R1/R2 antagonist astressin (33 microg/kg, IP) and the CRF-R1 antagonist CP-154,526 (20 mg/kg, subcutaneously) inhibited IP CRF-induced changes in cecocolonic myoelectric activity and IP CRF- and water avoidance stress-induced fecal output. In vitro, CRF injected into the inferior mesenteric artery increased distal colonic myoelectric activity compared with saline injection.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that CRF acts peripherally to stimulate colonic motility and that CRF-R1 is primarily involved in mediating IP CRF/urocortin- and water avoidance stress-induced colonic motor response.

PMID:
11113078
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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