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Circulation. 2000 Dec 12;102(24):2938-44.

Randomized comparison of elective stent implantation and coronary balloon angioplasty guided by online quantitative angiography and intracoronary Doppler. DESTINI Study Group (Doppler Endpoint STenting INternational Investigation).

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1
Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Centro Cuore Columbus, Via M. Buonarroti 48, 20145 Milano, Italy. dimario@micronet.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study was to compare long-term outcomes of coronary stenting in all lesions (elective stenting) or only in lesions with inadequate morphological and functional results after balloon angioplasty (guided PTCA).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Treatment of multivessel disease, with any lesion length and vessel size, was allowed provided that all lesions were suitable for stent implantation. Patients were randomized to elective stent implantation (n=370) or guided PTCA (n=365). An optimal PTCA result (residual diameter stenosis </=35%, coronary flow reserve measured with a Doppler guidewire >2.0, absence of threatening dissections) was achieved in 166 lesions (43%). The remaining 218 lesions underwent stent implantation (provisional stenting). Final residual diameter stenosis was lower in the elective and provisional stent groups (9.3% and 10.2%) than in the optimal PTCA group (24.8%, P:<0. 00001). On an intention-to-treat analysis, the probability of >/=1 major adverse cardiac event at 12 months was 17.8% in the elective stenting group and 18.9% in the guided PTCA group (20.1% for optimal PTCA and 18.0% for the provisional stenting subgroup, P:=NS). The incidence of repeat target lesion revascularization at 1 year was 14. 9% in the elective stent group and 15.6% in the guided PTCA group (17.6% for optimal PTCA and 14.1% for the provisional stenting subgroup, P:=NS).

CONCLUSIONS:

When balloon angioplasty is guided by online quantitative angiography and Doppler-derived coronary flow reserve, with provisional stenting reserved for suboptimal results, early and late clinical outcomes are comparable to those achieved by elective stenting of all patients.

PMID:
11113043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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