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Am J Public Health. 2000 Dec;90(12):1933-6.

Trends in crime and the introduction of a needle exchange program.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md. 21205, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to determine whether introduction of a needle exchange program would be associated with increased crime rates.

METHODS:

Trends in arrests were compared in program and nonprogram areas before and after introduction of a needle exchange program in Baltimore. Trends were modeled and compared via Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

No significant differences in arrest trends emerged. Over the study period, increases in category-specific arrests in program and nonprogram areas, respectively, were as follows: drug possession, 17.7% and 13.4%; economically motivated offenses, 0.0% and 20.7%; resistance to police authority, 0.0% and 5.3%; and violent offenses, 7.2% and 8.0%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The lack of association of overall and type-specific arrest data with program implementation argues against the role of needle exchange programs in increasing crime rates.

PMID:
11111271
PMCID:
PMC1446444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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