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Radiology. 2000 Dec;217(3):849-54.

US of mammographically detected clustered microcalcifications.

Author information

1
Departments of Radiology, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital and the Institute of Radiation Medicine, SNUMRC, 28 Yongon-Dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul, Korea. moonwk@radcom.snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether ultrasonography (US) can depict breast masses associated with mammographically detected clustered microcalcifications and whether the visibility at US is different between benign and malignant lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Ninety-four patients with 100 mammographically detected microcalcification clusters prospectively underwent US with a 10- or 12-MHz transducer before mammographically guided presurgical hook-wire localization. The visibility of breast masses at US was correlated with histologic and mammographic findings.

RESULTS:

Surgical biopsy revealed 62 benign lesions, 30 intraductal cancers, and eight invasive cancers. At US, breast masses associated with microcalcifications were seen in 45 (45%) of 100 cases. US depicted more breast masses associated with malignant (31 [82%] of 38) than with benign (14 [23%] of 62) microcalcifications (P: <.001). In malignant microcalcification clusters larger than 10 mm, US depicted associated breast masses in all 25 cases. There was no statistically significant difference in shape and distribution of calcific particles, as well as in breast composition, at mammography between US visible and invisible groups.

CONCLUSION:

Given a known mammographic location, US with a high-frequency transducer can depict breast masses associated with malignant microcalcifications, particularly clusters larger than 10 mm. US can be used to visualize large clusters of microcalcifications that have a very high suspicion of malignancy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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