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J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 2000 Oct;23(5):293-302.

Comparison of fluoroquinolone pharmacokinetic parameters after treatment with marbofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and difloxacin in dogs.

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Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville, TN, USA.


Plasma, urine, and skin drug concentrations were determined for dogs (n=12) given five daily oral doses of marbofloxacin (MAR) (2.75 mg/kg), enrofloxacin (ENR) (5.0 mg/kg) or difloxacin (DIF) (5.0 mg/kg). Concentrations of the active metabolite of ENR, ciprofloxacin (CIP), were also determined. The three-period, three-treatment crossover experimental design included a 21-day washout period between treatments. Area under the plasma drug concentration vs. time curve (AUC0-last, microg/mLxh of MAR was greater than for ENR, CIP, ENR/CIP combined, and DIF. Maximum concentration (Cmax) of MAR was greater than ENR, CIP, and DIF. Time of maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) was similar for MAR and DIF; Tmax occurred earlier for ENR and later for CIP. Plasma half-life (t1/2) of MAR was longer than for ENR, CIP, and DIF. Urine concentrations of DIF were less than MAR or ENR/CIP combined, but urine concentrations of MAR and ENR/CIP combined did not differ. DIF skin concentrations were less than the concentrations of MAR or ENR/CIP combined 2 h after dosing, but skin concentrations of MAR and ENR/CIP combined did not differ.

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