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Biophys J. 2000 Dec;79(6):3009-18.

Binding kinetics of calbindin-D(28k) determined by flash photolysis of caged Ca(2+)

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Department of IDP Neuroscience, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.


We have used UV flash photolysis of DM-nitrophen in combination with model-based analysis of Oregon Green 488 BAPTA-5N fluorescence transients to study the kinetics of Ca(2+) binding to calbindin-D(28K). The experiments used saturated DM-nitrophen at a [Ca(2+)] of 1.5 microM. Under these conditions, UV laser flashes produced rapid steplike increases in [Ca(2+)] in the absence of calbindin-D(28K), and in its presence the decay of the flash-induced fluorescence was due solely to the Ca(2+) buffering by the protein. We developed a novel method for kinetic parameter derivation and used the synthetic Ca(2+) buffer EGTA to confirm its validity. We provide evidence that calbindin-D(28K) binds Ca(2+) in at least two distinct kinetic patterns, one arising from high-affinity sites that bind Ca(2+) with a k(on) comparable to that of EGTA (i.e., approximately 1 x 10(7) M(-1) s(-1)) and another with lower affinity and an approximately eightfold faster k(on). In view of the inability of conventional approaches to adequately resolve rapid Ca(2+) binding kinetics of Ca(2+) buffers, this method promises to be highly valuable for studying the Ca(2+) binding properties of other biologically important Ca(2+) binding proteins.

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