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Am J Pathol. 2000 Dec;157(6):1955-62.

Ligation of alpha4ss1 integrin on human intestinal mucosal mesenchymal cells selectively Up-regulates membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase and confers a migratory phenotype.

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1
Centre for Infection, Allergy, Inflammation and Repair, University of Southampton School of Medicine, Southampton, United Kingdom. s.pender@soton.ac.uk

Abstract

Human intestinal lamina propria mesenchymal cells show high surface expression of the alpha4ss1 integrin. Ligation of alpha4ss1 on mesenchymal cell lines with an activating monoclonal anti-alpha4 antibody or vascular cell adhesion molecule-immunoglobulin (VCAM-IgG) leads to the appearance of activated forms of gelatinase A in culture supernatants, and the de novo expression of activated membrane type-1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP). In functional assays, signaling through alpha4ss1 results in an increased capacity of mesenchymal cells to migrate through an artificial extracellular matrix, an effect inhibitable by excess tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2. In organ cultures of human intestine, VCAM-IgG also up-regulates MT1-MMP, and in mucosal ulcers of inflammatory bowel disease patients, MT1-MMP transcripts are abundant, coincident with expression of VCAM-1 on cells at the ulcer margin. Collectively these results suggest that alpha4ss1-induced up-regulation of MT1-MMP may be a crucial factor in the migration of mesenchymal cells into ulcer beds during restitution of diseased gut mucosa.

PMID:
11106568
PMCID:
PMC1885781
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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