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Eur J Biochem. 2000 Dec;267(24):7082-93.

The iron-sulfur clusters in 2-hydroxyglutaryl-CoA dehydratase from Acidaminococcus fermentans. Biochemical and spectroscopic investigations.

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Laboratorium für Mikrobiologie, Fachbereich Biologie, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany.


The reversible dehydration of (R)-2-hydroxyglutaryl-CoA to (E)-glutaconyl-CoA is catalysed by the combined action of two oxygen-sensitive enzymes from Acidaminococcus fermentans, the homodimeric component A (2 x 27 kDa) and the heterodimeric component D (45 and 50 kDa). Component A was purified to homogeneity (specific activity 25-30 s-1) using streptavidin-tag affinity chromatography. In the presence of 5 mM MgCl2 and 1 mM ADP or ATP, component A could be stabilized and stored for 4-5 days at 4 degrees C without loss of activity. The purification of component D from A. fermentans was also improved as indicated by the 1.5-fold higher specific activity (15 s-1). The content of 1.0 riboflavin 5'-phosphate (FMN) per heterodimer could be confirmed, whereas in contrast to an earlier report only trace amounts of riboflavin (< 0.1) could be detected. Each active component contains an oxygen sensitive diamagnetic [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster as revealed by UV-visible, EPR and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Reduction of the [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster in component A with dithionite yields a paramagnetic [4Fe-4S]1+ cluster with the unusual electron spin ground state S = 3/2 as indicated by strong absorption type EPR signals at high g values, g = 4-6. Spin-Hamiltonian simulations of the EPR spectra and of magnetic Mössbauer spectra were performed to determine the zero field splitting (ZFS) parameters of the cluster and the 57Fe hyperfine interaction parameters. The electronic properties of the [4Fe-4S]2+, 1+ clusters of component A are similar to those of the nitrogenase iron protein in which a [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster bridges the two subunits of the homodimeric protein. Under air component A looses its activity within seconds due to irreversible degradation of its [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster to a [2Fe-2S]2+ cluster. The [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster of component D could not be reduced to a [4Fe-4S]1+ cluster, even with excess of Ti(III)citrate or dithionite. Exposure to oxic conditions slowly converts the diamagnetic [4Fe-4S]2+ cluster of component D to a paramagnetic [3Fe-4S]+ cluster concomitant with loss of activity (30% within 24 h at 4 degrees C).

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