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Anim Genet. 2000 Oct;31(5):295-301.

Genetic structure of the Iberian pig breed using microsatellites.

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Departamento de Genética, Universidad de Córdoba, Spain.


An analysis of 25 microsatellite loci in 210 animals has been used to define the genetic structure of the Iberian pig, traditionally classified into several varieties. In addition, a sample of 20 Duroc pigs was used as an outgroup for topology trees. Inter-variety genetic variation was estimated by unbiased average heterozygosity and the number of alleles observed. Significant deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) were shown for 19 loci across the whole population. By contrast, equilibrium deviation within varieties was much lower. Genetic variation measures, genetic distance values and a neighbour-joining tree were used to estimate subdivision. In addition, an individual tree was constructed to contrast the assignation of animals into varieties. Despite the low bootstrap values obtained in the varieties neighbour-joining tree, the degree of genetic variation found was sufficient to support the division of the Iberian pig into varieties, although in some cases the traditional classification cannot be accepted. These results have shown the value of this marker panel in the study of intra-breed genetic structures.

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