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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Dec;23(6):755-61.

Inhibition of amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) absorption by extracellular nucleotides in human normal and cystic fibrosis airways.

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Universit├Ąts-Kinderklinik, Albert-Ludwigs Universit├Ąt Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.


Cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelia are characterized by enhanced Na(+) absorption probably due to a lack of downregulation of epithelial Na(+) channels by mutant CF transmembrane conductance regulator. Extracellular nucleotides adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) have been shown to activate alternative Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels in normal and CF respiratory epithelia. Recent studies suggest additional modulation of Na(+) absorption by extracellular nucleotides. In this study we examined the role of mucosal ATP and UTP in regulating Na(+) transport in native human upper airway tissues from patients with 16 patients with CF and 32 non-CF control subjects. To that end, transepithelial voltage and equivalent short-circuit current (I(SC)) were assessed by means of a perfused micro-Ussing chamber. Mucosal ATP and UTP caused an initial increase in lumen-negative I(SC) that was followed by a sustained decrease of I(sc) in both non-CF and CF tissues. The amiloride-sensitive portion of I(SC) was inhibited significantly in normal and CF tissues in the presence of either ATP or UTP. Both basal Na(+) transport and nucleotide-dependent inhibition of amiloride-sensitive I(SC) were significantly enhanced in CF airways compared with non-CF. Nucleotide-mediated inhibition of Na(+) absorption was attenuated by pretreatment with the Ca(2+)-adenosine triphosphatase inhibitor cyclopiazonic acid but not by inhibition of protein kinase C with bisindolylmaleimide. These data demonstrate sustained inhibition of Na(+) transport in non-CF and CF airways by mucosal ATP and UTP and suggest that this effect is mediated by an increase of intracellular Ca(2+). Because ATP and UTP inhibit Na(+) absorption and stimulate Cl(-) secretion simultaneously, extracellular nucleotides could have a dual therapeutic effect, counteracting the ion transport defect in CF lung disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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