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Oncogene. 2000 Nov 9;19(47):5324-8.

A cancer modifier role for parathyroid hormone-related protein.

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Department of Experimental Oncology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy.


The parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) gene (Pthlh) maps in the distal region of mouse chromosome 6 that contains a quantitative trait locus associated with genetic predisposition to skin tumorigenesis. Here, we report a genetic polymorphism located in the osteostatin encoding region of the Pthlh gene and that produces Thr/ Pro PTHrP variants. PthlhThr and PthlhPro alleles were significantly linked with resistance and susceptibility to skin carcinogenesis in phenotypically selected Car-R and Car-S outbred mice. Transfection of human NCI-H520 squamous cell carcinoma cells with the PthlhPro allele resulted in cells growing in clusters, tending to pile up, and growing at a significantly faster rate in nude mice than non-transfected and PthlhThr-transfected cells. These results point to the role of the Pthlh gene as a cancer modifier gene in skin tumorigenesis.

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