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Cancer Res. 2000 Nov 15;60(22):6381-3.

Glutathione peroxidase codon 198 polymorphism variant increases lung cancer risk.

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Division of Clinical Sciences, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7058, USA.


Human cellular glutathione peroxidase 1 (hGPX1) is a selenium-dependent enzyme that participates in the detoxification of hydrogen peroxide and a wide range of organic peroxides. We conducted a case-control study nested within the alpha-Tocopherol, beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study cohort to evaluate the association between the proline to leucine polymorphism at codon 198 of hGPX1 and lung cancer risk. Cases (n = 315) were matched to controls on age (+/-5 years), intervention group, and study clinic using incidence density sampling in a 1:1 ratio. The prevalence of the hGPX1 Pro198Leu variant allele was 58% for controls and 71% for cases (P < 0.001). Using conditional logistic regression, we found a significant association between hGPX1 genotype and lung cancer risk. The odds ratio for heterozygotes was 1.8 (95% confidence interval, 1.2-2.8) and 2.3 (95% confidence interval, 1.3-3.8) for homozygous variants compared to wild-type individuals. Due to its high prevalence, the hGPX1 variant may contribute significantly to lung cancer risk among Caucasians but not among ethnic Chinese who do not exhibit this polymorphism.

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