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Oncol Nurs Forum. 2000 Nov-Dec;27(10):1565-71.

The effects of standard care counseling or telephone/in-person counseling on beliefs, knowledge, and behavior related to mammography screening.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA. vchampio@iupui.du

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:

To determine the most effective methods of increasing mammography adherence while also considering ease of intervention delivery in evolving healthcare systems.

DESIGN:

Experimental.

SETTING:

Women from a health maintenance organization and a large general medicine practice.

SAMPLE:

Women 50-85 years of age who had not had breast cancer and did not have a mammogram within the last 15 months.

METHODS:

Once consent and baseline information were obtained, women were randomized to receive in-person, telephone, or no mammography counseling.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:

Mammography adherence, perception of susceptibility to breast cancer, and benefits, barriers to, and knowledge of mammography.

FINDINGS:

Compared to standard care, telephone counseling was more than twice as effective at increasing mammography adherence, whereas in-person counseling resulted in almost three times the mammography adherence postintervention. Both telephone and in-person counseling are successful in changing perceived susceptibility, knowledge, barriers, and benefits.

CONCLUSION:

Both telephone and in-person counseling interventions were successful in changing beliefs, which, in turn, increased mammography adherence.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE:

Interventions based on altering beliefs are effective for increasing mammography adherence.

PMID:
11103375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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