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Biotechnol Prog. 2000 Nov-Dec;16(6):1000-7.

Kinetics of heat-shock response and inclusion body formation during temperature-induced production of basic fibroblast growth factor in high-cell-density cultures of recombinant Escherichia coli.

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Biochemical Engineering Division, GBF German Research Center for Biotechnology, Mascheroder Weg 1, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.


The kinetics of the heat-shock response and the formation of inclusion bodies in recombinant Escherichia coli TG1 were studied in glucose-limited high-cell-density cultures in response to temperature-induced production of human basic fibroblast growth factor (hFGF-2), a protein which partially aggregates into inclusion bodies. The maximum synthesis rates of heat-shock proteins were similar to those in a control cultivation with a strain carrying an expression vector without inducible structural gene. However, the maximum of induction for many heat-shock proteins including DnaK, ClpB, and HtpG was reached at least 30 min later when synthesis of hFGF-2 was simultaneously induced by the temperature upshift. During this first production phase, hFGF-2 was exclusively deposited in the insoluble cell fraction. Thereafter, accumulation of soluble hFGF-2 was observed, too, indicating that the recombinant protein needs heat-shock chaperones for proper folding at elevated temperatures. Strong recombinant protein production prolonged the synthesis of the majority of heat-shock proteins (including GroELS, DnaK, ClpB, and HtpG) even in a wildtype dnaK(+) background. In contrast, the synthesis rates of the small heat-shock proteins IbpA and IbpB declined within 1 h to preinduction values in control and hFGF-2 producing cultures. In the producing cultivation, IbpA and IbpB synthesis ceased to an undetectable level when soluble hFGF-2 started to accumulate, whereas the synthesis rates of the other heat-shock proteins including those belonging to the DnaK and GroEL families remained high throughout the entire production phase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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