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Cell Biol Toxicol. 2000;16(4):221-33.

The induction of the human hepatic CYP2E1 gene by interleukin 4 is transcriptional and regulated by protein kinase C.

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INSERM U456, Détoxication et Réparation Tissulaire, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Université de Rennes I, France.


Cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) plays a key role in the metabolism of numerous drug substrates, mostly in mammalian liver. Both the apoprotein and mRNA levels are increased in response to interleukin 4 (IL-4) in primary human hepatocyte cultures. We developed a human hepatoma cell model that faithfully reproduces the responsiveness of the CYP2E1 gene to IL-4 at least in part through transcriptional activation, upon treatment with 150 U/ml of IL-4. As expected, IL-4 induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the STAT6 transcription factor, an effect prevented by the tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin A25. However, this inhibitor as well as genistein (another inhibitor of tyrosine kinases) had no effect on the IL-4 induction of CYP2E1. Similarly, protein kinase A activators (forskolin and dibutyryl-cAMP) and inhibitor (H89) did not influence the response to IL-4. However, PKC inhibitors (H7 and calphostin C) strongly blocked any induction of the gene, as well as the IL-4-dependent translocation of PKCS. Taken together, our results show that IL-4 coordinately induces CYP2E1 transcription, mRNA and apoprotein levels in human hepatoma cells in a PKC-dependent manner, potentially through the activity of the PKCzeta isoform.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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