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Behav Brain Res. 2000 Dec 20;117(1-2):147-51.

Oxiracetam prevents the MK-801 induced amnesia for the elevated plus-maze in mice.

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Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídenská 1083, 142 20 4, Prague, Czech Republic.


We investigated the effect of the nootropic substance oxiracetam on the impairment of memory induced in mice by the non-competitive NMDA antagonist MK-801. Memory capacities of animals having different experience were evaluated using the elevated plus-maze test. Oxiracetam was injected immediately after the acquisition session(s), MK-801 was given 30 min before the retention session which followed 24 h after the acquisition session(s). In slightly experienced animals (Section 3.1), oxiracetam (3 and 30 mg/kg, s.c.) prevented MK-801 (0.15 mg/kg, i.p.) induced memory deficits characterized by a prolongation of the transfer latency. In well-trained animals (Section 3.2), oxiracetam (30 mg/kg, s.c.) attenuated MK-801 (0.15,0. 25 and 0.4 mg/kg, i.p.) induced amnesia for a spatial orientation in the elevated plus-maze. These results show that oxiracetam interacted with the glutamatergic NMDA receptor system and forestalled the impairment of retrieval of long-term memory. The results also justify the usage of the elevated plus-maze method in the evaluation of potential anti-amnesic or nootropic drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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