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Int Immunol. 2000 Dec;12(12):1685-93.

HSP70 from Trypanosoma cruzi is endowed with specific cell proliferation potential leading to apoptosis.

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Departamento de Biología Molecular, Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina 'López Neyra', CSIC, Calle Ventanilla 11, 18001 Granada, Spain.


The Trypanosoma cruzi HSP70 recombinant protein has the capacity to stimulate splenocytes or lymph node cells from naive mice in a non-haplotype-restricted way. The proliferative response is abolished by proteinase K digestion and by specific anti-HSP70 antibodies. The induced stimulation index was maximal after 24 h of incubation with the protein. This stimulation leads to cell death in a Fas-Fas ligand-independent way. The phenotype of the expanded cells was CD3(+) TCRalphass(+) CD4(+). HSP70-responsive cells express a broad range of cytokines including IFN-gamma, IL-2 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. After 48 h of incubation with HSP70 there was a significant increase in relative intracellular levels of CD3 TCRalphass receptors. The expanded CD4(+) cell population expressed CD25; however, in contrast to concanavalin A-treated culture, delayed CD44 expression was observed.

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