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Basic Res Cardiol. 2000 Oct;95(5):389-96.

Inhibition of protein phosphatase 1 induces apoptosis in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes: role of adrenergic receptor stimulation.

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Boston University School of Medicine, Boston Veterans Affairs Medical Center, MA 02118, USA.


The mechanisms that regulate cardiac myocyte apoptosis are not well understood. To study the role of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) in apoptosis, we exposed cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes to the phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid (OA). Exposure (18 h) to 100 nM OA (a concentration which inhibits both PP1 and PP2A) decreased the number of adherent cells, caused genomic DNA fragmentation, and increased the percentage of apoptotic cells. These effects did not occur at a lower concentration of OA (1 nM) which is relatively specific for PP2A. Stimulation of alpha1- or beta-adrenergic receptors with norepinephrine (NE) in the presence of propranolol or prazosin partially blocked OA-induced apoptosis as measured by flow cytometry. Likewise, stimulation of adenylyl cyclase with forskolin reduced OA-induced apoptosis. Conversely, inhibition of protein kinase A with H89 or protein kinase C with chelerethrine potentiated OA-induced apoptosis. OA increased caspase-3 activity, and this effect was reduced by NE. Thus, inhibition of PP1 stimulates apoptosis in NRVM and stimulation of adrenergic receptors protects against OA-induced apoptosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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