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Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2000 Oct;217(4):215-8.

[Blood-aqueous barrier after phacoemulsification with posterior chamber lens implantation; foldable acrylate lens vs PMMA lens-- a clinical study on 46 eyes].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Augenklinik mit Poliklinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg.



Cataract surgery leads to a more or less pronounced postoperative inflammation due to breakdown of the blood-aqueous barrier. This alteration of the blood-aqueous barrier can be reduced by minimally invasive surgery. The purpose of this study was to quantify the early course of the postoperative alteration of the blood-aqueous barrier following phacoemulsification with implantation of conventional PMMA posterior chamber lens (IOL) in comparison with foldable acrylic lens implantation.


Forty-six eyes of 46 patients (age 63 +/- 8.8 years) without preexisting deficiences of the blood-aqueous-barrier or previous intraocular surgeries were divided into two groups: group 1 (24 patients): phacoemulsification with one-piece-PMMA-IOL implantation (6.5 mm corneoscleral tunnel incision); group 2 (22 patients): phacoemulsification with foldable acrylic-IOL implantation (3.5 mm incision, 15 patients with corneoscleral tunnel and 7 patients with clear cornea incision). All surgical procedures were performed by one surgeon. The postoperative treatment was standardized. Alteration of the blood-aqueous barrier was quantified by the laser flare-cell meter (Kowa, FC-1000) preoperatively and on the first and the second day after surgery.


Preoperative aqueous flare values (photon counts/ms) were comparable in both groups (6.7 +/- 2.7 versus 5.6 +/- 2.7 respectively, p = 0.1). On day 1, aqueous flare in group 1 (9.7 +/- 2.9) was not statistically significantly higher than in group 2 (9.2 +/- 2.2, p = 0.2) and remained relatively constant on day 2 after surgery (9.3 +/- 3.3), whereas the aqueous flare values in group 2 decreased statistically significant (6.7 +/- 2.3, p = 0.01). Postoperatively, there was no statistically significant difference of aqueous flare values between eyes with corneoscleral tunnel incision and eyes with clear corneal incision (p = 0.7) in group 2.


Our study shows that phacoemulsification with foldable IOL implantation leads to a mild and short-lasting alteration of the blood-aqueous barrier. Thus, implantation of foldable IOL may be useful in eyes especially with preexisting alteration of the blood-aqueous-barrier.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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