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J Hepatol. 2000 Nov;33(5):785-90.

Hepatitis B virus DNA in sera and liver tissue of HBsAg negative patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Author information

1
Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin IV, Klinische Abteilung für Gastroenterologie und Hepatologie, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA has been detected in HBsAg-negative patients with hepatitis C. We determined the rate and explored the clinical significance of HBsAg negative HBV coinfections in Austrian patients with chronic hepatitis C.

METHODS:

Sera (n=82, group I) or liver tissue (n=16, group II) from 98 HBsAg negative Austrian patients with chronic hepatitis C were examined for HBV DNA by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR). For control purposes, sera from 15 patients with chronic HBV infection (8 HBsAg positive, 7 HBsAg negative, all HBV PCR positive) were examined.

RESULTS:

HBV DNA was detected in 22% of sera and 19% of liver tissue specimens of patients with chronic hepatitis C. No significant difference in mean aminotransferase values, markers of HBV infection, inflammatory disease activity, or degree of hepatic fibrosis was observed in patients with or without HBV DNA. Anti-HBc alone as a marker of past HBV infection was more frequent in chronic hepatitis C patients compared to control individuals. Negative HCV PCR was more common (p=0.009) among patients with positive HBV PCR in serum. When examining repeat sera for HBV DNA, positive results were obtained in previously negative, but also negative results in previously positive patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Coinfection with HBV can be demonstrated by PCR in a considerable number of HBsAg negative Austrian patients with chronic hepatitis C. HBV infection seems to suppress HCV replication even in HBsAg negative patients with dual infection. HBV coinfection in HCV infected patients cannot be excluded by negative HBsAg status alone. Repeat PCR examinations are needed to exclude dual infections.

PMID:
11097488
DOI:
10.1016/s0168-8278(00)80311-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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