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Exp Clin Immunogenet. 2000;17(4):179-84.

Lack of association between CD28/CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms and atopic asthma in the Japanese population.

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Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.


Atopic asthma occurs in genetically susceptible individuals in the presence of environmental factors. Recently, the costimulation signal from CD80-CD86 to CD28/CTLA-4 has been suggested to play an important role in the development of atopic asthma. In the present study, we analyzed three polymorphic regions within the CTLA-4 gene, an A/G substitution in exon 1 position 49, a C/T base exchange in the promoter position -318 and an (AT)n repeat polymorphism in the 3'-untranslated region of exon 4, and a CD28 gene polymorphism with a T/C substitution in intron 3 position +17 in 120 patients with atopic asthma and 200 normal controls. The polymorphism frequencies of CTLA-4/CD28 genes in patients did not differ from those in normal controls. Thus, the present study was unable to reveal any association between CTLA-4/CD28 gene polymorphisms and atopic asthma in the Japanese population.

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