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J Biol Chem. 2001 Mar 16;276(11):7859-66. Epub 2000 Nov 28.

SIMPL is a tumor necrosis factor-specific regulator of nuclear factor-kappaB activity.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine and the Walther Cancer Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5121, USA.


The IL-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK/mPLK) is linked to the regulation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)-dependent gene expression. Here we describe a novel binding partner of IRAK/mPLK that we term SIMPL (signaling molecule that associates with the mouse pelle-like kinase). Overexpression of SIMPL leads to the activation of NF-kappaB-dependent promoters, and inactivation of SIMPL inhibits IRAK/mPLK as well as tumor necrosis factor receptor type I-induced NF-kappaB activity. Dominant inhibitory alleles of IkappaB kinase (IKKalpha or IKKbeta) block the activation of NF-kappaB by IRAK/mPLK and SIMPL. Furthermore, SIMPL binds IRAK/mPLK and the IKKs in vitro and in vivo. In the presence of antisense mRNA to SIMPL, the physical association between IRAK/mPLK and IKKbeta but not IRAK/mPLK and IKKalpha is greatly diminished. Moreover, dominant-negative SIMPL blocks IKKalpha- or IKKbeta-induced NF-kappaB activity. These results lead us to propose a model in which SIMPL functions to regulate NF-kappaB activity by linking IRAK/mPLK to IKKbeta/alpha-containing complexes.

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