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Drug Metab Dispos. 2000 Dec;28(12):1411-6.

Comparative tolerability, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics of a metabolite of a quinolizinone hypnotic and zolpidem in healthy subjects.

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Jacor Research, Bottmingen, Switzerland.


The objectives of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study were to assess the single dose tolerability, pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics of Ro 41-3290 (5, 10, and 30 mg) and zolpidem (10 mg) in three sequential groups of 10 healthy male subjects. Pharmacodynamic (tracking, attention, and memory test) and pharmacokinetic measurements were conducted over a period of 24 and 50 h, respectively, after drug intake. Ro 41-3290 was well tolerated at all doses as was zolpidem. Performance in both a tracking and a memory search test was affected at 1.5 h after administration of zolpidem, whereas effects had vanished by 8 h. Ro 41-3290 induced moderate, dose-independent effects, which were most pronounced at 4 h after intake. Long-term memory, as assessed by a word learning and recall test, was not clearly affected by any drug. The pharmacokinetics of Ro 41-3290 were dose proportional with an elimination half-life of approximately 8 h. The relatively slow absorption of Ro 41-3290 (t(max) approximately 2.5 h) and the concentration-effect time delay do not make it a good candidate to replace its parent compound Ro 41-3696 as an investigational hypnotic.

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