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Int J Cancer. 2000 Dec 15;88(6):992-7.

Effect of trichostatin A on cell growth and expression of cell cycle- and apoptosis-related molecules in human gastric and oral carcinoma cell lines.

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First Department of Pathology, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan.


The effect of trichostatin A (TSA), histone deacetylase inhibitor, on cell growth and the mechanism of growth modulation was examined in 8 gastric and 3 oral carcinoma cell lines which included 9-cis-retinoic acid resistant (MKN-7 and Ho-1-N-1) and IFN-beta resistant cell lines (MKN-7, -28 and -45). TSA inhibited growth in all cell lines examined. Apoptotic cell death was confirmed by apoptotic ladder formation and induction of a cleaved form (85 kDa) of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) induction. TSA enhanced the protein expression of p21(WAF1), CREB-binding protein, cyclinE, cyclin A, Bak and Bax, while it reduced the expression of E2F-1, E2F-4, HDAC1, p53 and hyperphosphorylated form of Rb. Furthermore, TSA induced morphological changes, such as elongation of cytoplasm and cell-to-cell detachment, in gastric and oral carcinoma cell lines. These results suggest that TSA may inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis of gastric and oral carcinoma cells through modulation of the expression of cell cycle regulators and apoptosis-regulating proteins.

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