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Eur J Immunol. 2000 Nov;30(11):3132-9.

Triggering CD101 molecule on human cutaneous dendritic cells inhibits T cell proliferation via IL-10 production.

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INSERM U448, Paris XII University, Créteil, France.


Since the CD101 molecule is expressed on a major subpopulation of HLA-DR(+), CD1a(+), CD1c(+) cutaneous dendritic cells (DC), we studied the functional role of CD101 on cutaneous DC. Anti-CD101 monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibited the proliferation of T cells induced by cutaneous DC. There was a synergistic inhibition between anti-CD101 mAb and anti-CD86/anti-CD80 mAb. Anti-CD101 mAb exerted its inhibitory effect when binding to the CD101 expressed on cutaneous DC. No positive role of CD101 putative ligand expressed by T cells in T cell proliferation was demonstrated, as T cells proliferated in response to soluble anti-CD3 mAb in the presence of CD86-transfected cells but not in the presence of CD101-transfected cells. Of major significance is the fact that IL-10 was produced by cutaneous DC after CD101 triggering with anti-CD101 mAb, while IL-10 secretion was up-regulated in mixed cutaneous DC-T cell cultures after CD101 triggering. Furthermore, IL-10-neutralizing mAb could reverse the inhibition induced by anti-CD101 mAb. Our results demonstrate that the CD101 triggering on cutaneous DC inhibits T cell proliferation via IL-10 production, suggesting an important regulatory role played by the CD101 molecule on DC during T cell activation.

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