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Bioorg Med Chem. 2000 Nov;8(11):2601-7.

Quantitative structure-activity relationships for the pre-steady-state inhibition of cholesterol esterase by 4-nitrophenyl-N-substituted carbamates.

Author information

1
Departnment of Chemistry and Institute of Biochemistry, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. gilin@dragon.nchu.edu.tw

Abstract

4-Nitrophenyl-N-substituted carbamates (1-6) are the pseudo-substrate inhibitors of porcine pancreatic cholesterol esterase. Thus, the first step of the inhibition (Ki step) is the formation of the enzyme inhibitor tetrahedral adduct and the second step of the inhibition (kc) is the formation of the carbamyl enzyme. The formation of the enzyme inhibitor tetrahedral adduct is further divided into two steps, the formation of the enzyme-inhibitor complex with the dissociation constant, KS, at the first step and the formation of the enzyme-inhibitor tetrahedral adduct from the complex at the second step. The two-step mechanism for the formation of the enzyme-inhibitor tetrahedral adduct is confirmed by the pre-steady-state kinetics. The results of quantitative structure-activity relationships for the pre-steady-state inhibitions of cholesterol esterase by carbamates 1-6 indicate that values of -logKs and logk2/k-2 are correlated with the Taft substituent constant, sigma*, and the rho* values from these correlations are -0.33 and 0.1, respectively. The negative rho* value for the -logKS-sigma*-correlation indicates that the first step of the two-step formation of the enzyme-inhibitor tetrahedral adduct (KS step) is the formation of the positive enzyme inhibitor complex. The positive rho* value for the logk2/k-2 -sigma*-correlation indicates that the enzyme inhibitor tetrahedral adduct is more negative than the enzyme inhibitor complex. Finally, the two-step mechanism for the formation of the enzyme inhibitor tetrahedral adduct is proposed according to these results. Thus, the partially positive charge is developed at nitrogen of carbamates 1-6 in the enzyme-inhibitor complex probably due to the hydrogen bonding between the lone pair of nitrogen of carbamates 1-6 and the amide hydrogen of the oxyanion hole of the enzyme. The second step of the two-step formation of the enzyme-inhibitor tetrahedral adduct is the nucleophilic attack of the serine of the enzyme to the carbonyl group of carbamates 1-6 in the enzyme-inhibitor complex and develops the negative-charged oxygen in the adduct.

PMID:
11092545
DOI:
10.1016/s0968-0896(00)00196-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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