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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2000 Oct;57(11):1508-16.

The role of glycosylation in ionotropic glutamate receptor ligand binding, function, and trafficking.

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Laboratory of Neurochemistry, NIDCD, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Erratum in

  • Cell Mol Life Sci 2001 Jun;58(7):997.


Members of the ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) family have between 4 and 12 consensus asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation sites. They are localized on the extracellular N-termini, and the loop between the penultimate and last transmembrane domains. These regions also contain the essential elements for formation of the ligand binding site. N-linked glycosylation does not appear to be essential for formation of the ligand binding site per se, but there are demonstrated interactions between glycosylation state and ligand binding affinity, receptor physiology, susceptibility to allosteric modulation and, in some cases, trafficking. There is no indication of a general role for N-linked glycosylation in iGluRs; instead the effects of glycosylation vary among glutamate receptor subtypes and splice variants, with specific effects on structure or function with different subunits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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