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Microbiol Immunol. 2000;44(9):749-54.

Effect of ions on antibacterial activity of human beta defensin 2.

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1
Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

Human beta defensin 2 (HBD-2), the most recently discovered human defensin, has been considered to work as a host defense substance against microbial infection. Using Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, we investigated how some cations and anions influenced the antimicrobial activity of HBD-2. This activity, measured in 10 mM phosphate buffer at a concentration of 20 microg/ml, reduced significantly in the presence of 100 and 150 mM sodium or potassium chloride. The reduction was not significantly different when the total amounts of sodium and potassium ions were equal. The kind and the valence of anions (chlorine and sulfate ions) did not affect the bactericidal activity as long as the concentrations of sodium ions were equal. Divalent ions (calcium and magnesium ions) added to 10 mM of Tris buffer significantly inactivated HBD-2 at much lower concentrations (more than or equal to 0.01 mM and 0.05 mM, respectively) than the monovalent ions did. These findings suggest that HBD-2 kills the bacteria through at least two phases, which are affected independently by either monovalent or divalent ions and unaffected by anions.

PMID:
11092238
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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