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Breast Cancer. 1997 Dec 25;4(4):243-246.

Correlation of Allelic Losses and Clinicopathological Factors in Primary Breast Cancers.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Gerontology, Nippon Medical School, 1-396 Kosugicho, Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki 211, Japan.


Human breast cancers frequently show allelic loss or loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at apecific chromosomal regions. To understand the possible role of these genetic alterations in tumor development and progression, we examined LOH at loci on chromosomal arms 1p, 3p. 11p, 13q, 16q, 18q, and 22q in 140 to 246 cases of primary breast cancers and compared it with lymph node metastasis, histological type, tumor stage, estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) status. LOH at 1p22-31 correlated with lymph node metastasis and a tumor size of greater than 2 cm. LOH at 13q12-14 and 18q21 were most frequently observed in tumors of the solid-tubular type. LOH at 1p34-36 was more frequent in tumors of the scirrhous and solid-tubular types than in other less aggressive histological types. Furthermore, a significant association was observed between LOH at 3p14-21, 11p11-15 and 13q12-14 and the absence of progesterone receptors. These results suggest that some clinical characteristics of breast cancers are determined by loss of tumor supperssor genes present at specific chromosomal regions.

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