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Toxicology. 2000 Nov 2;152(1-3):13-23.

Inhalation toxicology models of endotoxin- and bioaerosol-induced inflammation.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, IA 52242-5000, USA. peter-thorne@uiowa.edu

Abstract

Inhalation toxicology studies in rodents have proven their usefulness for furthering our understanding of the causal agents, mechanisms, and pathology associated with exposures to environmental endotoxins and bioaerosols. Inhalation animal models are used to determine which components of a mixture are the most important toxicants for inducing the observed adverse outcome. They are used to obtain exposure-response relationships for allergens and pro-inflammatory agents to help elucidate disease mechanisms and contribute quantitative data to the risk assessment process. Inhalation models serve as important adjuncts to epidemiology studies and human exposure studies. They are also useful for establishing phenotype in studies of genetic polymorphisms and disease susceptibility and are widely applied for evaluation of safety and efficacy for potential therapeutic agents. In order to produce reliable data, rigorous exposure chamber design, aerosol generation systems, exposure quantitation and experimental protocols must be utilized.

PMID:
11090935
DOI:
10.1016/s0300-483x(00)00287-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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