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Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Dec;131(7):1489-95.

P2X receptor expression in mouse urinary bladder and the requirement of P2X(1) receptors for functional P2X receptor responses in the mouse urinary bladder smooth muscle.

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Department of Cell Physiology & Pharmacology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 9HN.


1. We have used subtype selective P2X receptor antibodies to determine the expression of P2X(1 - 7) receptor subunits in the mouse urinary bladder. In addition we have compared P2X receptor mediated responses in normal and P2X(1) receptor deficient mice to determine the contribution of the P2X(1) receptor to the mouse bladder smooth muscle P2X receptor phenotype. 2. P2X(1) receptor immunoreactivity was restricted to smooth muscle of the bladder and arteries and was predominantly associated with the extracellular membrane. Diffuse P2X(2) and P2X(4) receptor immunoreactivity not associated with the extracellular membrane was detected in the smooth muscle and epithelial layers. Immunoreactivity for the P2X(7) receptor was associated with the innermost epithelial layers and some diffuse staining was seen in the smooth muscle layer. P2X(3), P2X(5) and P2X(6) receptor immunoreactivity was not detected. 3. P2X receptor mediated inward currents and contractions were abolished in bladder smooth muscle from P2X(1) receptor deficient mice. In normal bladder nerve stimulation evoked contractions with P2X and muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptor mediated components. In bladder from the P2X(1) receptor deficient mouse the contraction was mediated solely by mACh receptors. Contractions to carbachol were unaffected in P2X(1) receptor deficient mice demonstrating that there had been no compensatory effect on mACh receptors. 4. These results indicate that homomeric P2X(1) receptors underlie the bladder smooth muscle P2X receptor phenotype and suggest that mouse bladder from P2X(1) receptor deficient and normal animals may be models of human bladder function in normal and diseased states.

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