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Blood. 2000 Dec 1;96(12):3786-92.

Roles of SLP-76, phosphoinositide 3-kinase, and gelsolin in the platelet shape changes initiated by the collagen receptor GPVI/FcR gamma-chain complex.

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Division of Hematology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


How platelet shape change initiated by a collagen-related peptide (CRP) specific for the GPVI/FcR gamma-chain complex (GPVI/FcR gamma-chain) is coupled to SLP-76, phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase, and gelsolin is reported. As shown by video microscopy, platelets rapidly round and grow dynamic filopodial projections that rotate around the periphery of the cell after they contact a CRP-coated surface. Lamellae subsequently spread between the projections. All the actin-driven shape changes require SLP-76 expression. SLP-76 is essential for the Ca(++) mobilization induced by CRP, whereas PI 3-kinase only modulates it. The extension of lamellae requires net actin assembly and an exposure of actin filament barbed ends downstream of PI 3-kinase. Gelsolin expression is also required for the extension of lamellae, but not for the formation of filopodia. Altogether, the data describe the role of SLP-76 in the platelet activation initiated by GPVI/FcR gamma-chain and the roles of PI 3-kinase and gelsolin in lamellae spreading. (Blood. 2000;96:3786-3792).

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