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Intensive Care Med. 2000 Sep;26(9):1355-9.

The effect of a hemofilter during extracorporeal circulation on hemodynamics in patients with SIRS.

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Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.



To evaluate the hypothesis that extracorporeal hemopurification with a hemofilter contributes to the stabilization of hemodynamics in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) due to a mechanism other than the removal of cytokines.


Prospective study.


Intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital.


Seven critically ill patients who met criteria for SIRS with unstable hemodynamics requiring vasopressors after emergency surgery.


Before initiation of continuous hemofiltration (CHF) extracorporeal circulation through the hemofilter (ECC) with a hollow-fiber polyacrylonitrile hemofilter was performed for 6 h.


Vital signs were monitored continuously and hemodynamics were evaluated intermittently. The blood level of endotoxin and the plasma levels of cytokines were measured at 0 and 6 h. Changes in plasma levels of cytokines passing through the hemofilter were evaluated at 3 h. A significant decrease of body temperature (P < 0.05 at 3 and 6 h vs 0 h), a significant elevation of mean arterial pressure (P < 0.05 at 0.5 h, P < 0.01 at 3 and 6 h vs 0 h), and a significant increase of urinary flow rate (P < 0.05 at 0 to 3 h vs -3 to 0 h) were observed with ECC. Neither the blood level of endotoxin nor the plasma levels of cytokines decreased. A significant increase of plasma IL-6 as it passed through the hemofilter was noted.


The beneficial effects of hemopurification with a hemofilter on SIRS patients are possibly due to mechanisms other than the elimination of cytokines with ultrafiltration, diffusion, or adsorption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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