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Intensive Care Med. 2000 Sep;26(9):1355-9.

The effect of a hemofilter during extracorporeal circulation on hemodynamics in patients with SIRS.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan. yk119@kitasato-u.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the hypothesis that extracorporeal hemopurification with a hemofilter contributes to the stabilization of hemodynamics in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) due to a mechanism other than the removal of cytokines.

DESIGN:

Prospective study.

SETTING:

Intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital.

PATIENTS:

Seven critically ill patients who met criteria for SIRS with unstable hemodynamics requiring vasopressors after emergency surgery.

INTERVENTIONS:

Before initiation of continuous hemofiltration (CHF) extracorporeal circulation through the hemofilter (ECC) with a hollow-fiber polyacrylonitrile hemofilter was performed for 6 h.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Vital signs were monitored continuously and hemodynamics were evaluated intermittently. The blood level of endotoxin and the plasma levels of cytokines were measured at 0 and 6 h. Changes in plasma levels of cytokines passing through the hemofilter were evaluated at 3 h. A significant decrease of body temperature (P < 0.05 at 3 and 6 h vs 0 h), a significant elevation of mean arterial pressure (P < 0.05 at 0.5 h, P < 0.01 at 3 and 6 h vs 0 h), and a significant increase of urinary flow rate (P < 0.05 at 0 to 3 h vs -3 to 0 h) were observed with ECC. Neither the blood level of endotoxin nor the plasma levels of cytokines decreased. A significant increase of plasma IL-6 as it passed through the hemofilter was noted.

CONCLUSIONS:

The beneficial effects of hemopurification with a hemofilter on SIRS patients are possibly due to mechanisms other than the elimination of cytokines with ultrafiltration, diffusion, or adsorption.

PMID:
11089764
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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