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Eur J Surg Oncol. 2000 Dec;26(8):792-7.

Hyperthermic isolated regional perfusion of the limb with carboplatin.

Author information

1
Division of Surgical Oncology, University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate the feasibility of hyperthermic isolated regional perfusion (HIRP) with carboplatin in the management of locally recurrent and/or intransit metastases of melanoma or locally advanced soft tissue sarcoma.

METHODS:

Three patients, two with locally advanced melanoma and one with a low-grade liposarcoma of the lower extremity, were treated with HIRP under mild hyperthermia (39-40 degrees C) with 125 mg carboplatin/l perfused limb volume.

RESULTS:

No systemic toxicity was observed. Local toxicity consisted of post-perfusion oedema present in all three patients which resolved within 2 weeks. Clinically, a persistent local neuropathy was observed in all three patients, two of which were confirmed by electromyogram and nerve conduction study. Severe motor-sensory neuropathy was located mainly in the peroneal and sural nerves of the perfused limbs. Pharmacokinetic parameters of the carboplatin showed a higher concentration of carboplatin in the skin compared to the muscle. The two melanoma patients showed a complete response but developed local recurrences within 1.5 years after perfusion. The third patient underwent a delayed excision of the sarcoma 8 weeks after perfusion which revealed 50% viable tumour. One of the melanoma patients and the sarcoma patient died from lung metastases 56 and 31 months post-perfusion treatment, respectively. The other melanoma patient is alive 95+ months post-perfusion treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

The local neurotoxicity observed did not warrant further research of carboplatin in HIRP.

PMID:
11087648
DOI:
10.1053/ejso.2000.1006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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