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J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Nov;48(11):5444-9.

Properties of deamidated gluten films enzymatically cross-linked.

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  • 1Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité de Biochimie et Technologie des Protéines, B.P. 71627, 44316 Nantes Cedex 3, France.


Films were prepared at neutral pH from deamidated gluten by casting with or without enzymatic treatment by transglutaminase in the presence of various concentrations of diamines added to the film-forming solution. Variation in the glycerol/deamidated gluten ratio from 0.2 to 0.5 had a major effect on the film mechanical properties, which is characteristic of a plasticizing effect. A ratio of 0.35, producing a tensile strength of 1.14 +/- 0.12 MPa and an elongation at break of 376 +/- 62%, was chosen for most of the enzymatic modifications. The action of transglutaminase with or without the addition of external diamines induced a simultaneous increase in tensile strength and elongation at break of the films but tended to decrease the contact angle between the film surface and a water droplet. The presence of diamines in the film solution affected the elongation at break more than the tensile strength of the films. These diamines, able to react at their two extremities, probably acted as spacers between gluten proteins. The decrease in solubility was related to the formation of high molecular weight polymers in the film. The film properties were unaffected by the type of diamine added as secondary substrate in the transglutaminase reaction.

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