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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2000 Dec;279(6):H3101-12.

Cellular and functional defects in a mouse model of heart failure.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.

Abstract

Heart failure and dilated cardiomyopathy develop in mice that lack the muscle LIM protein (MLP) gene (MLP(-/-)). The character and extent of the heart failure that occurs in MLP(-/-) mice were investigated using echocardiography and in vivo pressure-volume (P-V) loop measurements. P-V loop data were obtained with a new method for mice (sonomicrometry) using two pairs of orthogonal piezoelectric crystals implanted in the endocardial wall. Sonomicrometry revealed right-shifted P-V loops in MLP(-/-) mice, depressed systolic contractility, and additional evidence of heart failure. Cellular changes in MLP(-/-) mice were examined in isolated single cells using patch-clamp and confocal Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]) imaging techniques. This cellular investigation revealed unchanged Ca(2+) currents and Ca(2+) spark characteristics but decreased intracellular [Ca(2+)] transients and contractile responses and a defect in excitation-contraction coupling. Normal cellular and whole heart function was restored in MLP(-/-) mice that express a cardiac-targeted transgene, which blocks the function of beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) kinase-1 (betaARK1). These data suggest that, despite the persistent stimulus to develop heart failure in MLP(-/-) mice (i.e., loss of the structural protein MLP), downregulation and desensitization of the beta-ARs may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis. Furthermore, this work suggests that the inhibition of betaARK1 action may prove an effective therapy for heart failure.

PMID:
11087268
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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