Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin J Sport Med. 2000 Oct;10(4):235-8.

The nature and duration of acute concussive symptoms in Australian football.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. pmccrory@compuserve.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this pilot study was to document the nature and temporal profile of the clinical symptoms of acute sport-related concussion.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study

PATIENT POPULATION:

A total of 303 elite Australian football players participating in a national competition during a single season.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Number and duration of symptoms, digit symbol substitution test (DSST) scores, time of return to play post injury.

RESULTS:

A total of 23 concussions were recorded over the course of the 20-week football season. No catastrophic head injuries occurred. Headache was the most common symptom and the most persistent, with 40% of players reporting headache symptoms lasting more than 15 minutes. Ten of the players (43%) returned to sport on the day of the injury with the remainder resuming play within 2 weeks. A low likelihood of return to play on the day of injury was found where 3 or more symptoms were present or where the symptoms lasted more than 15 minutes. These findings were significantly correlated with poor DSST performance.

CONCLUSIONS:

This pilot study suggests that both the number of postconcussive symptoms and their duration may be used as a measure of injury severity and a guide for return to play.

PMID:
11086747
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wolters Kluwer
    Loading ...
    Support Center