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Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2000 Oct;70(4):510-22.

Social and environmental predictors of maternal depression in current and recent welfare recipients.

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NIMH Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.


Depression is highly prevalent in welfare recipients, and is associated with failure to move from welfare to work. This paper examines the relationship between social and environmental factors in a large, community-based sample of mothers who currently or recently received welfare benefits. Specific and modifiable risk factors related to poverty, gender, and race were found to predict major depression beyond traditional risk factors. Research and practice implications are discussed.

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