Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Primatol. 2000 Aug;29(3-4):143-7.

Down-regulation of macaque gammadelta + T cells in lymphoid compartments after rectal infection with SIVsmmPBj14.

Author information

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


The dynamics of T cells expressing the gammadelta T-cell receptor in mucosae and other compartments during the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection are poorly understood. To examine the impact of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome virus on the gammadelta + T-cell population, rectal inoculation of macaques with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-PBj14 was used as a model. After rectal inoculation, five macaques were sacrificed on days 4, 5, or 7 and then assessed for changes in the gammadelta T-cell receptor repertoire in different lymphoid compartments. There was decreased representation of gammadelta + T cells in the intestinal mucosae, blood, and spleens. Overall, the reduced number of total gammadelta + T cells was consistent with decreases in the Vgamma or Vdelta T-cell sub-populations. Nevertheless, there was no consistent deletion or expansion of a selected Vdelta + or Vdelta + cell sub-population. These results demonstrate that SIV-PBj14 replication and dissemination after mucosal inoculation resulted in a decline of detectable gammadelta + T cells, suggesting that macaque gammadelta + T cells are susceptible to down-regulation or destruction during acute SIV-PBj14 infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center