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Biomaterials. 2001 Jan;22(1):87-96.

Effect of surface roughness of hydroxyapatite on human bone marrow cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation and detachment strength.

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Departmetnt of Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics, University of Patras, Rion, Greece.


Initial attachment of osteoblast cells and mineralization phenomena are generally enhanced on rough, sandblasted substrata. In the present work the effect of surface roughness of hydroxyapatite (HA) on human bone marrow cell response was investigated. Human bone marrow cells were plated onto HA disc-shaped pellets, prepared from synthetic HA powder. The pellets were sintered and polished with SiC paper 180-, 600- and 1200-grit, resulting in three surface roughness grades. Cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation (evaluated with the expression of ALP activity) were determined following various incubation periods. Cell detachment strength was determined as the shear stress required to detach a given quantity of the adherent cells from the different substrata, using a rotating disc device that applied a linear range of shear stresses to the cells. The cells attached and grew faster on culture plastic in comparison with HA. No statistically significant differences were observed in the expression of ALP activity on all three HA surfaces and culture plastic. Cell adhesion, proliferation and detachment strength were surface roughness sensitive and increased as the roughness of HA increased. The percentage of the adherent cells decreased in a sigmoidal mode as a function of the applied shear stress. In conclusion, surface roughness of HA generally improved the short- and longer-term response of bone marrow cells in vitro. This behavior could be explained by the selective adsorption of serum proteins.

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