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Curr Biol. 2000 Nov 2;10(21):1339-48.

Actin-dependent membrane association of a Drosophila epithelial APC protein and its effect on junctional Armadillo.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, CB2 2QH, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein is an important tumour suppressor in the colon. It promotes the destabilisation of free cytoplasmic beta-catenin (the vertebrate homologue of the Drosophila protein Armadillo), a critical effector of the Wnt signalling pathway. The beta-catenin protein is also a component of adherens junctions, linking these to the actin cytoskeleton. In Drosophila epithelial cells, the ubiquitous form of APC, known as E-APC, is associated with adherens junctions. This association appears to be necessary for E-APC to function in destabilising Armadillo.

RESULTS:

Using actin-depolymerising drugs, we established that an intact actin cytoskeleton is required for the association of E-APC with adherens junctions in the Drosophila embryo. From an analysis of profilin mutants, whose actin cytoskeleton is disrupted, we found that E-APC also requires actin filaments to associate with adhesive cell membranes in the ovary. Notably, conditions that delocalised E-APC from membranes, including a mutation in E-APC itself, caused partial detachment of Armadillo from adhesive membranes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Actin filaments are continuously required for E-APC to be associated with junctional membranes. These filaments may serve as tracks for E-APC to reach the adherens junctions. The failure of E-APC to do so appears to affect the integrity of junctional complexes.

PMID:
11084333
DOI:
10.1016/s0960-9822(00)00770-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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