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Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2000;6(3):383-92.

Circadian rhythm of heart rate, urinary cortisol excretion, and sleep in civil air traffic controllers.

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Department of Ergonomics, Central Institute for Labour Protection, Warszawa, Poland.


The examination of Air Traffic Controllers (ATCs) from the Warsaw Airport (Poland) included 24-hr ECG monitoring. The participants were 10 civil ATCs, 9 males and 1 woman. The study was carried out on a group of 19 ATCs during their duty periods, 14 of them working 12-hr shifts and 5 performing 24-hr duties. The participants collected urine every 4 hrs, and cortisol concentration was determined. Further, the survey included the quality and duration of sleep, and subjective fatigue in the 62 participants. In ATCs, shift work modifies natural rhythms of the circulatory system and decreases the ability for intensified mental work at night. In consequence ATCs experience frequent sleep disorders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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