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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Dec;295(3):1156-64.

ABT-702 (4-amino-5-(3-bromophenyl)-7-(6-morpholinopyridin-3-yl)pyrido[2, 3-d]pyrimidine), a novel orally effective adenosine kinase inhibitor with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties: I. In vitro characterization and acute antinociceptive effects in the mouse.

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Neurological and Urological Diseases Research, Pharmaceutical Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064, USA.


Adenosine (ADO) is an inhibitory neuromodulator that can increase nociceptive thresholds in response to noxious stimulation. Inhibition of the ADO-metabolizing enzyme adenosine kinase (AK) increases extracellular ADO concentrations at sites of tissue trauma and AK inhibitors may have therapeutic potential as analgesic and anti-inflammatory agents. ABT-702 is a novel and potent (IC(50) = 1. 7 nM) non-nucleoside AK inhibitor that has several orders of magnitude selectivity over other sites of ADO interaction (A(1), A(2A), A(3) receptors, ADO transporter, and ADO deaminase). ABT-702 was 1300- to 7700-fold selective for AK compared with a number of other neurotransmitter and peptide receptors, ion channel proteins, neurotransmitter/nucleoside reuptake sites, and enzymes, including cycloxygenases-1 and -2. ABT-702 was equipotent (IC(50) = 1.5 +/- 0. 3 nM) in inhibiting native human AK (placenta), two human recombinant isoforms (AK(long) and AK(short)), and AK from monkey, dog, rat, and mouse brain. Kinetic studies revealed that AK inhibition by ABT-702 was competitive with respect to ADO and noncompetitive with respect to MgATP(2-). AK inhibition by ABT-702 was demonstrated to be reversible after 4 h of dialysis. ABT-702 is orally active and fully efficacious in reducing acute somatic nociception (ED(50) = 8 micromol/kg i.p.; 65 micromol/kg p.o.) in the mouse hot-plate assay. ABT-702 also dose dependently reduced nociception in the phenyl-p-quinone-induced abdominal constriction assay. The antinociceptive effects of ABT-702 in the hot-plate assay were blocked by the nonselective ADO receptor antagonist theophylline, and by the A(1)-selective antagonist cyclopentyltheophylline (10 mg/kg i.p.), but not by a peripherally selective ADO receptor antagonist 8-(p-sulfophenyl)-theophylline (50 mg/kg i.p.), by the A(2A)-selective antagonist 3, 7-dimethyl-1-propargylxanthine (1 mg/kg i.p.) or the opioid antagonist naloxone (5 mg/kg i.p.). Thus, ABT-702 is a novel and potent non-nucleoside AK inhibitor that effectively reduces acute thermal nociception in the mouse by a nonopioid, non-nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ADO A(1) receptor-mediated mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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