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J Mol Evol. 2000 Nov;51(5):433-45.

Molecular evolution of the myeloperoxidase family.

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Department of Bioinformatics, Biomolecular Engineering Research Institute, 6-2-3, Furuedai, Suita 565-0874, Japan.


Animal myeloperoxidase and its relatives constitute a diverse protein family, which includes myeloperoxidase, eosinophil peroxidase, thyroid peroxidase, salivary peroxidase, lactoperoxidase, ovoperoxidase, peroxidasin, peroxinectin, cyclooxygenase, and others. The members of this protein family share a catalytic domain of about 500 amino acid residues in length, although some members have distinctive mosaic structures. To investigate the evolution of the protein family, we performed a comparative analysis of its members, using the amino acid sequences and the coordinate data available today. The results obtained in this study are as follows: (1) 60 amino acid sequences belonging to this family were collected by database searching. We found a new member of the myeloperoxidase family derived from a bacterium. This is the first report of a bacterial member of this family. (2) An unrooted phylogenetic tree of the family was constructed according to the alignment. Considering the branching pattern in the obtained phylogenetic tree, together with the mosaic features in the primary structures, 60 members of the myeloperoxidase family were classified into 16 subfamilies. (3) We found two molecular features that distinguish cyclooxygenase from the other members of the protein family. (4) Several structurally deviated segments were identified by a structural comparison between cyclooxygenase and myeloperoxidase. Some of the segments seemed to be associated with the functional and/or structural differences between the enzymes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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