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EMBO J. 2000 Nov 15;19(22):6065-74.

Mos activates MAP kinase in mouse oocytes through two opposite pathways.

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Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire du Développement, UMR 7622, CNRS/Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 9 quai Saint Bernard-Bat. C-5, 75252 Paris, cedex 05, France.


Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in maturing mouse oocytes occurs after synthesis of Mos, a MAPKKK. To investigate whether Mos acts only through MEK1, we microinjected constitutively active forms of MEK1 (MEK1S218D/S222D referred herein as MEK*) and Raf (DeltaRaf) into mouse oocytes. In mos(-/-) oocytes, which do not activate MAPK during meiosis and do not arrest in metaphase II, MEK* and DeltaRaf did not rescue MAPK activation and metaphase II arrest, whereas Mos induced a complete rescue. MEK* and DeltaRaf induced cleavage arrest of two-cell blastomeres. They induced MAPK activation when protein phosphatases were inhibited by okadaic acid, suggesting that Mos may inhibit protein phosphatases. Finally, in mos(-/-) oocytes, MEK* induced the phosphorylation of Xp42(mapk)D324N, a mutant less sensitive to dephosphorylation, showing that a MAPK phosphatase activity is present in mouse oocytes. We demonstrate that active MAPKK or MAPKKK cannot substitute for Mos to activate MAPK in mouse oocytes. We also show that a phosphatase activity inactivates MAPK, and that Mos can overcome this inhibitory activity. Thus Mos activates MAPK through two opposite pathways: activation of MEK1 and inhibition of a phosphatase.

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