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Yonsei Med J. 2000 Oct;41(5):615-22.

Mesenchymal hamartomas of the chest wall in infancy: radiologic and pathologic correlation.

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1
Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall is a rare tumor with about 53 reported cases in the English literature. We reviewed six chest wall mesenchymal hamartomas in four patients, including two cases with multiple lesions, with specific focus on the radiologic and pathologic correlation. All cases occurred in neonates or infants with ages ranging from seven hours to seven months. They were diagnosed with plain chest radiographs (n=6), ultrasonography (n=2), chest CT scan (n=6), whole body bone scan (n=2) and MRI (n=3). All cases except a small one without cystic change showed the typical features of mesenchymal hamartoma radiographically and pathologically. Radiologically they were well-circumscribed masses with solid and cystic components with multiple fluid-fluid levels in association with single or multiple rib destruction or change. The CT scan showed the typical findings of chest wall hamartoma, and the MR showed heterogeneous signal intensities of the mass on T1- and T2-weighted images. The MR also revealed more concisely a secondary aneurysmal bone cyst formation with multiple fluid-fluid levels on the T2-weighted image. Microscopically, they showed alternating areas of cartilaginous islands and primitive appearing mesenchymal proliferation, which corresponded well with the solid component on the radiologic findings. The areas of bone formation and blood-filled cystic spaces matched the calcified or ossified densities and the cystic components, respectively. A small case without cystic change showed peculiar radiological and pathological findings resembling an osteochondroma. In conclusion, mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall in infancy is quite rare and sometimes can be misdiagnosed as malignancy due to the bone-destroying radiographic appearance and the highly cellular and mitotically active microscopic features, unless the radiologists and pathologists are aware of the characteristic clinical, radiological, and pathological findings. Imaging studies can usually make a correct diagnosis with good correlation to the pathologic findings.

PMID:
11079622
DOI:
10.3349/ymj.2000.41.5.615
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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