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Diabetes. 2000 Nov;49(11):1910-6.

Lack of responses to a beta3-adrenergic agonist in lipoatrophic A-ZIP/F-1 mice.

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1
Diabetes Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1770, USA. oksanag@bdg10.niddk.nih.gov

Abstract

Stimulation of beta3-adrenergic receptors increases metabolic rate via lipolysis in white adipose tissue (WAT) and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Other acute effects include decreased gastrointestinal motility and food intake and increased insulin secretion. Chronic treatment with a beta3 agonist ameliorates diabetes and obesity in rodents. We studied the effects of beta3 stimulation in A-ZIP/F-1 mice, which have virtually no WAT, a reduced amount of BAT, severe insulin resistance, and diabetes. In contrast with wild-type mice, treatment of A-ZIP/F-1 mice with CL316243, a beta3-adrenergic agonist, did not increase O2 consumption. A single dose of CL316243 produced a 2-fold increase in serum free fatty acids, a 53-fold increase in insulin, and a 2.4-fold decrease in glucose levels in wild-type mice but no change in A-ZIP/F-1 animals. The A-ZIP/F-1 mice also did not show reduced gastrointestinal motility or 24-h food intake during beta3 stimulation. Chronic administration of CL316243 to the A-ZIP/F-1 mice did not improve their thermogenesis, hyperglycemia, or hyperinsulinemia. Thus, all of the beta3 effects studied were absent in the lipoatrophic A-ZIP/F-1 mice, including the effects on nonadipose tissues. From these results, we suggest that all of the effects of beta3 agonists are initiated at the adipocyte with the nonadipose effects being secondary events presumably mediated by signals from adipose tissue.

PMID:
11078459
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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