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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2000 Nov;36(5 Suppl 1):S401-3.

Beta-blockers of the third generation inhibit endothelin-1 liberation, mRNA production and proliferation of human coronary smooth muscle and endothelial cells.

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Medical Clinic III, University of Tuebingen, Germany.


Endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays an important role in atherogenesis. The aim of the study reported here was to investigate the effects of the third generation beta-blockers nebivolol and carvedilol on ET-1 liberation, preproendothelin-1 production and on proliferation of human coronary cells. Human coronary endothelial (HEC) and smooth muscle cells (HCSMC) were grown with carvedilol or nebivolol (10(-7)-10(-5) mol/l). Incubation for 1, 2 or 7 days resulted in an 80% concentration- and time-dependent reduction in HCSMC proliferation. beta-blockers such as propranolol or metoprolol did not influence cell proliferation. Nebivolol (10(-7) mol/l) inhibited accelerated HCSMC proliferation in the presence of growth factors such as transforming growth factor-beta1 or platelet-derived growth factor BB. During incubation with nebivolol or carvedilol ET-1 secretion decreased. For nebivolol this is a result of a reduction in preproendothelin-1 mRNA levels. beta-blockers of the third generation that reduce the cell proliferation and ET-1 secretion may represent strategies with great promise for antiproliferative therapy of coronary heart disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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