Send to

Choose Destination
Hear Res. 2000 Dec;150(1-2):70-82.

Distribution of frequenin in the mouse inner ear during development, comparison with other calcium-binding proteins and synaptophysin.

Author information

INSERM U 432, Université de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France.


Frequenin is a calcium-binding protein previously implicated in the regulation of neurotransmission. We report its immunocytochemical detection in the mouse inner ear, in the adult, and during embryonic (E) and postnatal (P) development. The distribution of frequenin was compared with those of other calcium-binding proteins (calbindin, calretinin, parvalbumin) and synaptophysin. In the adult mouse inner ear, frequenin immunostaining was observed in the afferent neuronal systems (vestibular and cochlear neurons, their processes and endings) and in the vestibular and cochlear efferent nerve terminals. Frequenin colocalized with synaptophysin in well characterized presynaptic compartments, such as the vestibular and cochlear efferent endings, and in putative presynaptic compartments, such as the apical part of the vestibular calyces. Frequenin was not found in vestibular hair cells and in cochlear inner and outer hair cells. During development, frequenin immunoreactivity was first detected on E11 in the neurons of the statoacoustic ganglion. On E14, frequenin was detected in the afferent neurites innervating the vestibular sensory epithelium, along with synaptophysin. On E16, frequenin was detected in the afferent neurites below the inner hair cells in the organ of Corti. The timing of frequenin detection in vestibular and cochlear afferent neurites was consistent with their sequences of maturation, and was earlier than synaptogenesis. Thus in the inner ear, frequenin is a very early marker of differentiated and growing neurons and is present in presynaptic and postsynaptic compartments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center