Send to

Choose Destination
J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2000;107(5):581-601.

Age-dependent memory loss, synaptic pathology and altered brain plasticity in the Drosophila mutant cardinal accumulating 3-hydroxykynurenine.

Author information

Department of Psychiatry, University of W├╝rzburg, Federal Republic of Germany.


A search for Drosophila mutants with phenotypes similar to human diseases might help to unravel evolutionary conserved genes implicated in polygenic human disorders. Among these are neurodegenerative diseases, characterized by a late onset disturbance of memory, synaptic and glial pathology, structural brain impairments and altered content of the intermediates of the kynurenine pathway, the modulators of glutamate excito- and oxidative toxicity. This pathway is conserved in insects, in rodents, and in humans. We tested the Drosophila mutants cardinal (3-hydroxykynurenine excess) and cinnabar (kynurenic acid excess) for age-dependent changes in memory, synaptic pathology, structural brain plasticity and glial immunoreactivity. The mutant cardinal demonstrated a decline in learning and memory from the 12th to the 29th day of life in a paradigm of conditioned courtship suppression. Memory decline was accompanied by a sharp decrease in immunoreactivity to the synaptic cysteine string protein, and alterations in volumetric parameters of the mushroom bodies, the brain structures implicated in memory.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center